Abdusalam A. Guseynov

Professor, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences





Abdusalam GuseynovProfessor, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences; Head, Chair of Ethics, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University.

Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow Lomonosov State University, 1961.
Postgraduate studies, Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow Lomonosov State University, 1964.

Dr. Sc., Philosophy, , 1977, ("The Social Nature of Morality”)
Cand. Sc. Philosophy [Ph.D.], Moscow State University, 1964 (“The Conditions of the Genesis of Morality”).


  • Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2003.
  • Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1997.
  • Professor, 1982.
  • Laureate of the 1996 UNESCO Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence.
  • Laureate of the State Award of Russian Federation for “New Philosophical Encyclopedia” in 4 volumes, 2003.
  • Dr. h.c. of the St-Petersburg State University, Russia.
  • Prof. h.c. of Novgorod Yaroslavl the Wise State University, Russia.


Professional appointments

  • 1987 – till now – research fellow, Deputy Director (1994), Director (2005), Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • 1965 – till now – Assistant professor, Lecturer, Professor of philosophy and ethics, Head, Chair of ethics (since 1996), Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University


Employment as visiting Professor (selected list):

  • 1978–1980 – Professor of Ethics, Humboldt-University, Berlin
  • 1985–1986 – Professor of Ethics, Carlow University, Prague
  • 1993 – Professor of Philosophy, Hebrew University, Moscow
  • 1996–2000 – Professor of Ethics, Novgorod Yaroslavl the Wise State University, Russia


Teaching Experience

  • Ethics: Systematic Course for Students of Philosophy (Moscow Lomonosov State University)
  • Ethics of Aristotle
  • Free will and Responsibility
  • Ancient Ethics


Professional activities

  • Editor-in-Chief, journal “Philosophical Journal”. Moscow, Russia
  • Editor-in-Chief, journal “Social Studies” (in English). Moscow, Russia
  • Member, Editorial Board, journals: "The Questions of Philosophy", "Philosophical sciences". Moscow, Russia
  • Editor-in-Chief, dictionary "Ethics”. Moscow, Russia
  • Member, Editorial Board, “New Encyclopedia of Philosophy”. Moscow, Russia
  • Head, Organizing Committee, World Philosophy Day “Philosophy in the Dialigue of Cultures”. November, 2009
  • Member of The President’s Council for Science and Education (since 2008)


Main Publications (out of more than 500 works):


  • Ancient Ethics. Moscow, 2011. 2 editions (2003, 2011).
  • Great Prophets and Thinkers. The Moral Teachings from Moses to Our Times. Moscow, 2009. 2 editions (1995, 2009).
  • Negative Ethics. St. Petersburg, 2007.
  • Ethics. Text-book for the faculties of philosophy (Eds. A.A. Guseynov, E.L. Dubko). Moscow, 2006.
  • The Idea of The absolute in Morality. Moscow, 2004.
  • Ethics: Text-book for universities. Moscow, 1998 (with R.G. Apressyan). 470 p. 3 editions (2002, 2004, 2007).
  • Philosophy, Morality, Politics. Moscow, 2002.
  • On the New Definition of Morality. Rostov-on-Don, 2001.
  • Language and Conscience. Moscow, 1996.
  • Great Moralists. Moscow, 1995.
  • The Golden Rule of Morality. Moscow, 1988. 3 editions (1979, 1982,1988). In Russian. Published in Bulgarian, Slovak, Spanish, German.
  • A Short History of Ethics. Moscow, 1987. (with G. Irrlits). In Russian. Published in Chinese, Serbian.
  • An Introduction to Ethics. Moscow, 1985. In Russian. Published in Hungarian.
  • The Ethics of Aristotle. Moscow, 1984.
  • Social foundation of morality. Berlin, 1979 (with A.I. Titarenko). In German.
  • Social nature of morality. Moscow, 1974.
  • New names – old ideas. Moscow, 1974.
  • The Sources of Morality. Moscow, 1970. In Russian. Published in German.
  • On the Social Progress – for Youth. Moscow, 1967.
  • Marxism on personality. Moscow, 1967.
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Professor A.Guseynov is the author of the fundamental ethical theories and conceptions – the theory of the genesis of morality, the conception of the Golden Rule of morality, ethics of non-violence as such a form of the principle of love (which blocks its moralizing falsification), the conception of morality (morality, which is the last quality control after all other motives have been assessed, marks as good (correct, obligatory) those motives which have passed the quality inspection. Morality interprets and directs one’s behavior, saying which motives or actions are admissible and which are not. Guseynov wrote that “morality is an ideal reference point from which, and thanks to, the individual identifies himself as a person and responsible behavior becomes possible), the analysis of moral paradoxes, the theory of the negative ethics (the moral absolutism is the field of prohibitions and negative actions. Positive display of morality is relative, conventional, they can be secondary in relation to various human wishes and potentialities, they can group with and defer to utilitarian and other pragmatic aspirations. The concept of negative ethics seems to be a concept which allows saving the idea of moral absolutism at the present time), the idea of the connection between moral absoluteness with moral prohibition, the conception of the subjunctive mood in morality, the ethical conception of free will and responsibility, the conception of relations between morality and politics, the conception of the dialogue of cultures, conception of nature of the applied ethics. He has introduced into the Russian ethical discourse such notions as the Golden Rule, subjunctive mood of morality, negative action and negative ethics. He was in the center of the discussions on the problem of violence, the relations between philosophical and applied ethics. His ideas on the nature of philosophy and the role of ethical problems in its genesis, on philosophy as the utopia of culture have become a meaningful part of the philosophical reflection.
Professor Guseynov is a prominent specialist on the history of ethics and the history of moral teachings’s the author of all main ethical articles in the philosophical dictionaries and encyclopedias, the author of the best Russian text-books on Ethics for the philosophical faculties.
Professor Guseynov has a lot of followers and pupils - it wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that he has created the whole theoretical ethical field in Russia – the dominating notions, problems, meanings as well as he has been the teacher of most of the Russian philosophers working in the sphere of ethics.
As a socially responsible thinker he is an author of a great amount of works on the most urgent social and moral problems: on the problem of tolerance (With the notion of tolerance being specified, it is obvious that tolerance is of practical use as a conscious prohibition of imposing one’s beliefs and views of the world on others. To be tolerant means not to peddle views and ideas to others. Tolerance viewed in this way possesses moral universality. Thus, it encourages people of different world outlooks, religions, cultures to cooperate in the spheres and forms for which they are prepared.), the dialogue of cultures.


Обновление: 15.12.13